All living creatures, including humans, are at threat because of reckless people and countries. So, environmental pollution has become one of the biggest global problems in recent decades. Population growth and the use of greenhouse gases are the main reasons for this problem. However, the decimation of woodlands and the destruction of vegetation caused by distorted urbanization are also among the most important factors. Many studies have been launched both regionally and globally to address environmental pollution. At the beginning of these studies, the sustainable development strategy is included. Within the scope of this strategy, afforestation is carried out in many places, and restrictions are imposed on the use of chemical drugs. In this way, it is aimed to preserve vegetation and biodiversity.
Environmental Pollution and Global Warming
Humans are not the only creatures that suffer from environmental pollution. Flora and fauna face the same problem as well. Global warming is one of the biggest environmental problems today. With the increase in carbon emissions, average temperatures have increased worldwide, which has led to the melting of glaciers. The melting of glaciers has caused the extinction of hundreds of animals.
Along with global warming, the risk of flooding the earth has also arisen. Changing the direction of air currents has a big effect on global warming. Therefore, the climate has changed in many places, and the diversity of living things has decreased in many regions which affects humankind in terms of quality of life. The decimation of many animals, especially polar bears, is the most devastating consequence of global warming and climate change.
Examples of Environmental Pollution and Problems
1- Air pollution
One of the biggest environmental problems in the world is air pollution. And breathing
in polluted air can be detrimental for us in long term. But what causes the problem? There is a great number of factories and sufficient filters are not used enough to prevent air pollution. Besides that, the use of fossil fuels and smoke from the exhausts of cars also leads to a decrease in the oxygen content in the air. Air pollution is so hazardous that dioxins in the air can harm the liver, immune and neural systems.
2- Reduction of forested areas
Both distorted urbanization and changing climates have led to a decrease in woodlands and an increase in environmental problems characterized as “desertification”. The occurrence of drought in many countries, especially Yemen and Afghanistan, is also related to the reduction of woodlands. All the countries where the same issue happens need to take action before it goes worse day by day. Or else, biodiversity, sustainable livelihoods, climate mitigation, and adaptation will be under threat. As a citizen, what you can do is to join tree planting activities or donate trees with the help of famous reforestation charities.
3- Soil pollution (contamination)
Soil pollution is one of the biggest environmental problems on a global basis just like air pollution. The chief reason is the objects that have not been lost in nature for hundreds of years, such as batteries and nylon bags. Heavy metals used in the industry also lead to soil pollution. Not only do they harm nature, but also these kinds of garbage cause visual pollution. And nobody likes to eat fruits or vegetables grown up in dirty soils. So you can collect batteries or nylon bags whenever you see them on the ground and also you need to inform your group of friends. It will be the best beginning point for you.
With the population approaching 8 billion, environmental and water pollution has increased. Natural disasters, more vehicles in traffic, and natural disasters such as fire and floods are also causes of environmental pollution. As a result, all three environmental problems have a remarkable effect on all living creatures.
Is the Environmental Pollution Solvable?
Most of us are not aware that we share the same planet, and it’s unique. We are in the haste of daily routines or hang out with friends, families. Nearly everybody knows that we need to take an action immediately to preserve our planet for our future, more specifically, the next generation of humankind. However, the outcome is perplexing. The required responsibility is not taken, though the whole of humankind voices the problem.
The reason why necessary steps are not taken is all about the habits. So the key to saving our planet is to change our habits. For instance, if you are working, you may start to go to your job on a bus even if you have a car. Walking or riding a bicycle option will serve our planet in a better way. Not only will you stay healthy, but also reduce carbon emissions without spending any effort. Another eco-friendly habit is using a towel to dry hair instead of a hairdryer. According to World Wide Fund for Nature (WWFN), a hairdryer is one of the most electricity-consuming devices.
By using a towel, you will both have vivid hair and reduce electric use which is beneficial for the next generation of us. Unless the problem is solved, the world will likely become a not viable place for us. So, everyone ought to take responsibility and do their best. Besides, governments need to implement strict laws to reduce environmental pollution for the next generation. Even if the pollutants varies country to country due to the geographical location, there are always ways to cope with environmental problems.